Bruce Spanworm (Operophtera bruceata)
Operophtera bruceata, the Bruce Spanworm, or “winter moth” is a species of moth of the family Geometridae. It is found from coast to coast in southern Canada and the northern parts of the United States. The wingspan of the males is 25–30 mm. Females have underdeveloped wings and do not fly.
Resembles Autumnal Moth, but FW is variably pale gray to sooty brown. Small black discal spot present. Terminal line is single black dots.
Hosts: Deciduous trees, including aspen, beech, maple and willow.
The Neighbor Moth Caterpillar (Haploa contigua)
Haploa contigua, the neighbor moth, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It was described by Francis Walker in 1855. It is found in eastern North America, from Quebec to the mountains of Georgia and west to South Dakota, Arkansas and Mississippi. The wingspan is 36–49 mm.
White FW has a black border broken at apex and anal angle. A perpendicular black band extends from beyond midpoint of costa to anal angle. Beyond this, pattern is broken into two large white patches.
Hosts: Trembling aspen, probably other plants.
Soybean Looper (Chrysodeixis includens)
The Soybean Looper is a moth of the Noctuidae family. It is known as Falso Medidor in north-eastern Mexico. It is found from Southern Quebec and Southern Ontario through the eastern and southern part of the United States to Central America and South America, the Antilles and the Galápagos Islands.
Grayish FW has a distinctly bronzy sheen. Typically has a blackish patch between stigma and PM line. Two-part silvery stigma has an inverted U-Shaped inner part and a solid outer spot.
Hosts: Low plants and crops, including goldenrod, lettuce, soybean, and tobacco.
Celery Leaftier (Udea rubigalis)
Udea rubigalis, the celery leaftier or greenhouse leaftier, is a member of the family Crambidae. It is found in Canada, the US, Central and South America. The species was first described by Achille Guenée in 1854. The larvae feed on beans, beets, celery, and spinach.
FW is variably pale tan to reddish brown with crisp dusky lines. Reniform spot is figure eight-shaped.
Hosts: Low plants and crops, including bean, beet, celery, and spinach.
Grote’s Pinion (Lithophane grotei)
Lithophane grotei, known generally as the Grote’s Pinion or Grote’s Sallow, is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It is found in North America.
Rough gray FW has jagged black lines. Inconspicuous pale gray shoulder patch weakly edged with dark gray basal dash. Whitish hourglass-shaped orbicular spot is filled with two gray spots. Indistinct gray reniform spot has a blackish dot in inner half.
Hosts: Apple, birch, chokecherry, maple, and oak.
The White-Speck (Mythimna unipuncta)
Mythimna unipuncta is found in the Americas and in parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. Its original distribution is North and South America. It has been introduced to other places from there. They are known as armyworms because the caterpillars move in lines as a massive group, like an army, from field to field, damaging crops.
FW is variably straw colored to orange-brown, finely peppered with dusky scales. Indistinct orbicular and reniform spots are often orange. A tiny white speck touches inner part of reniform spot. A thin dark line slants inward from apex.
Hosts: Mostly grasses and cereals; sometimes a major pest on crops.
Bent-Lined Carpet (Costaconvexa centrostrigaria)
Costaconvexa centrostrigaria, the traveller or bent-line carpet, is a moth in the family Geometridae. It is native to most of North America, except the Arctic. It is an introduced species in Great Britain, the Canary Islands, the Azores and Madeira. The wingspan is 17–23 mm. The wings are pale gray to reddish brown.
Sexually dimorphic. FW of male is pale gray with a blackish AM line and outer section of PM line. Female is similar but has darker gray median band. Both sexes show a black discal dot.
Hosts: Low plants, including knotweed and smartweed.
Banded Tussock Moth (Halysidota tessellaris) Caterpillar
Halysidota tessellaris, also called the Banded Tussock Moth, tessellated halisidota, and pale tiger moth, is in the family Erebidae. Like many related species, it has chemical defenses it acquires from its host plants, in this case, alkaloids, at least in adults.
Moth; pale tan FW has irregular pattern of slightly darker, black-edged bands. Thorax has turquoise and yellow dorsal stripes.
Hosts: Deciduous trees and shrubs, including alder, ash, birch, elm, oak, and willow.
Lesser Wainscot (Mythimna oxygala)
Mythimna oxygala, the lesser wainscot, is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It is found in North America.
Pale yellow FW is evenly striated with thin brown lines between veins. Whitish streak extending through central median area diverges at black reniform dot. ST line is accented with two black dots.
Ipsilon Dart (Agrotis ipsilon)
Agrotis ipsilon, the dark sword-grass, black cutworm, greasy cutworm, or floodplain cutworm is a small noctuid moth found worldwide. The moth gets its scientific name from black markings on its forewings shaped like a letter “Y” and resembles the Greek letter upsilon.
Brownish FW has variable gray shading along costa and median area. Hollow claviform spot and teardrop-shaped orbicular spot are finely outlined black.
Hosts: Low plants crops, including bean, corn, potato, and tobacco.