The Neighbor Moth Caterpillar (Haploa contigua)
Haploa contigua, the neighbor moth, is a moth of the family Erebidae. It was described by Francis Walker in 1855. It is found in eastern North America, from Quebec to the mountains of Georgia and west to South Dakota, Arkansas and Mississippi. The wingspan is 36–49 mm.
White FW has a black border broken at apex and anal angle. A perpendicular black band extends from beyond midpoint of costa to anal angle. Beyond this, pattern is broken into two large white patches.
Hosts: Trembling aspen, probably other plants.
Soybean Looper (Chrysodeixis includens)
The Soybean Looper is a moth of the Noctuidae family. It is known as Falso Medidor in north-eastern Mexico. It is found from Southern Quebec and Southern Ontario through the eastern and southern part of the United States to Central America and South America, the Antilles and the Galápagos Islands.
Grayish FW has a distinctly bronzy sheen. Typically has a blackish patch between stigma and PM line. Two-part silvery stigma has an inverted U-Shaped inner part and a solid outer spot.
Hosts: Low plants and crops, including goldenrod, lettuce, soybean, and tobacco.
Celery Leaftier (Udea rubigalis)
Udea rubigalis, the celery leaftier or greenhouse leaftier, is a member of the family Crambidae. It is found in Canada, the US, Central and South America. The species was first described by Achille Guenée in 1854. The larvae feed on beans, beets, celery, and spinach.
FW is variably pale tan to reddish brown with crisp dusky lines. Reniform spot is figure eight-shaped.
Hosts: Low plants and crops, including bean, beet, celery, and spinach.
Grote’s Pinion (Lithophane grotei)
Lithophane grotei, known generally as the Grote’s Pinion or Grote’s Sallow, is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It is found in North America.
Rough gray FW has jagged black lines. Inconspicuous pale gray shoulder patch weakly edged with dark gray basal dash. Whitish hourglass-shaped orbicular spot is filled with two gray spots. Indistinct gray reniform spot has a blackish dot in inner half.
Hosts: Apple, birch, chokecherry, maple, and oak.
The White-Speck (Mythimna unipuncta)
Mythimna unipuncta is found in the Americas and in parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. Its original distribution is North and South America. It has been introduced to other places from there. They are known as armyworms because the caterpillars move in lines as a massive group, like an army, from field to field, damaging crops.
FW is variably straw colored to orange-brown, finely peppered with dusky scales. Indistinct orbicular and reniform spots are often orange. A tiny white speck touches inner part of reniform spot. A thin dark line slants inward from apex.
Hosts: Mostly grasses and cereals; sometimes a major pest on crops.
Bent-Lined Carpet (Costaconvexa centrostrigaria)
Costaconvexa centrostrigaria, the traveller or bent-line carpet, is a moth in the family Geometridae. It is native to most of North America, except the Arctic. It is an introduced species in Great Britain, the Canary Islands, the Azores and Madeira. The wingspan is 17–23 mm. The wings are pale gray to reddish brown.
Sexually dimorphic. FW of male is pale gray with a blackish AM line and outer section of PM line. Female is similar but has darker gray median band. Both sexes show a black discal dot.
Hosts: Low plants, including knotweed and smartweed.