Corn Earworm (Helicoverpa zea)
Helicoverpa zea, commonly known as the corn earworm, is a species (formerly in the genus Heliothis) in the family Noctuidae. The larva of the moth Helicoverpa zea is a major agricultural pest. Since it is polyphagous (feeds on many different plants) during the larval stage, the species has been given many different common names, including the cotton bollworm and the tomato fruitworm. It also consumes a wide variety of other crops.
The species is widely distributed across the Americas with the exception of northern Canada and Alaska. It has become resistant to many pesticides, but can be controlled with integrated pest management techniques including deep ploughing, trap crops, chemical control using mineral oil, and biological controls.
The species migrates seasonally, at night, and can be carried downwind up to 400 km. Pupae can make use of diapause to wait out adverse environmental conditions, especially at high latitudes and in drought.
FW is yellowish tan to dull orange with a darker band beyond toothed PM line. Reniform spot typically has dusky dot in inner half. HW is whitish with blackish veins and wide terminal line.
Hosts: Low plants and crops, including corn, cotton, tomato and tobacco.
Dark Grass-Tubeworm (Acrolophus morus)
Brown FW has faint black patches in median area and paler patches along inner margin.
The Yellow-Spotted Renia (Renia flavipunctalis)
The Yellow-Sotted Renia (Renia flavipunctalis) is a litter moth of the family Erebidae. It is found from southern Canada (from Nova Scotia west to Alberta) to Florida and Texas.
The wingspan is 26–31 mm. Adults are on wing from June to August. There is one generation in the north-east.
Violet gray FW has PM line that curves smoothly inward before reaching costa. Reniform spot is yellow or black. Indistinct ST line is bordered with a band of brown shading. Male has a tuft beyond midpoint of antennae.
Hosts: The larvae feed on organic matter, including dead leaves of deciduous trees.
Lunate Zale (Zale lunata)
The Lunate Zale is a species of moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in the East of North America. The wingspan is 40–55 mm. The moth flies from March to September depending on the location.
Adults – quite variable with both fore- and hindwings dark brown with shades of yellow, red brown and black, sometimes with white or silver marginal patches.
Photographed in Connecticut; 10/5/18
Hosts: The larvae feed on various deciduous trees, such as Maple, Willow and Prunus.
Idaea bonifata is a moth in the family Geometridae. It is found in North America, where it has been recorded from Arizona, California, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Utah. The length of the forewings is 6–7 mm. Adults are on wing from March to October.
Idaea bonifata is VERY tiny and often overlooked, so I’m not surprised the range on MPG doesn’t have it there. Then again, the ranges on MPG are incomplete for many species, and over-representative for others.
Photographed in Connecticut; 10/5/18
Hosts: The larvae feed on decaying leaves and stored grains.
The Common Idia (Idia aemula)
The Common Idia (Idia aemula) is a litter moth of the family Erebidae. It is found from Canada south to Florida and Texas and in most of Eurasia.
In North America, adults are on wing from May to October in the north and from April to November in the south.
FW is variable pale grayish brown to dark gray, peppered with dusky scales. Jagged lines are often heaviest at costa. Orbicular and reniform spots are typically pale yellow. Darker individuals often have pale yellow ST line.
Hosts: The larvae feed on dead leaves.
Wavy-Lined Emerald (Synchlora aerate)
Synchlora aerata, the Wavy-Lined Emerald moth, is a species of moth of the Geometridae family. It is found in most of North America.
Pale green wings have slightly wavy white AM and PM lines. Dotted whitish ST line is sometimes noticeable. Fringe on all wings is tinged pale green. Abdomen has narrow white dorsal stripe running entire length.
Hosts: The larvae feed on a wide variety of plants, including the flower heads of composite flowers and other flowering plants, as well as shrubs and trees. Recorded food plants include Aster, Rudbeckia, Liatris, Solidago, Artemisia, Achillea and Rubus species. They attach bits of the plant tissue on which they are feeding along their backs. The species overwinters as a partially grown larva.
Unspotted Looper (Allagrapha aerea)
The Unspotted Looper Moth (Allagrapha aerea) is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in eastern North America from southern Ontario to the panhandle of Florida and west to western Nebraska.
Pinkish FW has bands of orange-brown shading along wavy AM and PM lines. Inconspicuous reniform spot is filled with brown scales.
Hosts: Low plants, including aster, dandelion, and stinging nettle.
Green Cloverworm (Hypena scabra)
The Green Cloverworm or black snout is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found from Canada south to Florida and Texas.
FW is variable but is typically grayish brown with darker outer median area. Black PM line is straight at inner margin. Often there is a short black streak in inner median area. Apical dash is long, reaching inner margin.
Hosts: Low plants and crops, including alfalfa, bean, clover, ragweed, raspberry, and strawberry.